Winthrop is a town in Kennebec County, Maine, United States. The population was 6,092 at the 2010 census. Winthrop’s population, however, approximately doubles during the summer months as part-year residents return to seasonal camps located on the shores of Winthrop’s Lakes and Ponds. A recreational area located among lakes, the town includes the villages of Winthrop and East Winthrop, and is the center of the Winthrop Lakes Region. Winthrop is included in the Augusta, Maine Micropolitan New England City and Town Area.
Winthrop is an industrial and suburban center, located about 10 miles west of Maine’s capital city, Augusta. Nearly 10% of Winthrop’s housing is seasonal. The commercial downtown is situated between Maranacook and Annabessacook Lake.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.90 square miles (98.16 km), of which 31.22 square miles (80.86 km) is land and 6.68 square miles (17.30 km) is water. Winthrop is drained by Hoyt Brook.
The town is crossed by U. S. Route 202 and state routes 11, 41, 100, 133 and 135. It is bordered by the towns of Manchester to the east, West Gardiner to the southeast, Monmouth to the south, Leeds and Wayne to the west, and Readfield to the north.
Winthrop is also home to Mt. Pisgah (pronounced piss-gah, from the Hebrew word for summit or lookout), which is 807 ft above sea level and home to the Maine Fire Services watch tower that was in service from 1949 to 1992, when air patrols rendered it obsolete. The tower still stands to this day and is accessible by a hiking trail.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the town is $58,066, and the median income for a family is $64,637. Males have a median income of $35,262 versus $27,130 for females. The per capita income for the town is $27,755. 9.2% of the population and 5.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 13.8% of those under the age of 18 and 17.8% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Winthrop has historically been known as a fast-growing suburban town, and saw its population triple during the 20th century. Its growth rate has slowed in recent years, and saw a decline in the 2010 census for the first time in almost a century. Winthrop has always been the largest in population municipality in Kennebec County that is classified as a Town and not a City. Oakland surpassed Winthrop’s population in the 2010 census.
As of the census of 2010, there are 6,092 people, 2,598 households, and 1,740 families residing in the town. The population density is 195.3 people per square mile (75.5/km²). There are 3,295 housing units at an average density of 105.6 per square mile (40.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town is 97.6% White, 0.3% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, and 1.4% from two or more races. 1.0% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 2,598 households of which 28.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% are married couples living together, 10.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 33% are non-families. 26.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.31 and the average family size is 2.76.
In the town, the population is spread out with 22.3% under the age of 20, 9% from 20 to 29, 17.1% from 30 to 44, 34.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 46 years. The female population was 51.6% and male population 48.4%.