Patten is a small town in Penobscot County, Maine, United States. At the 2010 census, the population was 1,017.
Patten lies on the western edge of the Mattawamkeag River system basin, almost at the edge of the East Branch of the Penobscot River’s basin. Two major Mattawamkeag tributaries occupy its area: in the north, Fish Stream (formerly known as the “Mattawamkeag West Branch”), and in the south, small feeders of Molunkus Stream. Fish Stream is navigable by very small craft as far as Island Falls, around 10 miles (16 km) distance, for about six months of the year. In the early days of lumbering it was used to drive local cutting downstream, eventually to the mills at Old Town and Bangor.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.25 square miles (99.07 km), of which, 38.19 square miles (98.91 km) of it is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km) is water.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the town was $26,900, and the median income for a family was $35,000. Males had a median income of $27,656 versus $15,987 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,384. About 12.4% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.1% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,017 people, 447 households, and 283 families residing in the town. The population density was 26.6 inhabitants per square mile (10.3/km). There were 565 housing units at an average density of 14.8 per square mile (5.7/km). The racial makeup of the town was 98.9% White, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% Asian, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.1% of the population.
There were 447 households of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.7% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.73.
The median age in the town was 47.6 years. 19.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.9% were from 25 to 44; 31.7% were from 45 to 64; and 22.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.