Newfield is a town in York County, Maine, United States. The population was 1,522 at the 2010 census. The town is part of the Portland–South Portland–Biddeford metropolitan statistical area.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 33.44 square miles (86.61 km), of which, 32.30 square miles (83.66 km) of it is land and 1.14 square miles (2.95 km) is water. Newfield is drained by the Little Ossipee River. The town’s highest point is Province Mountain, 1,176 feet (358.4 m) above sea level.
The town is crossed by state routes 11, 110. And Newfield borders the towns of Parsonsfield to its north, Limerick and Waterboro to its east, Wakefield, New Hampshire to its west, and Acton and Shapleigh to its south.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,522 people, 625 households, and 450 families residing in the town. The population density was 47.1 inhabitants per square mile (18.2/km). There were 1,096 housing units at an average density of 33.9 per square mile (13.1/km). The racial makeup of the town was 98.2% White, 0.1% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.
There were 625 households of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.1% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.0% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.81.
The median age in the town was 44.3 years. 21% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.6% were from 25 to 44; 35.2% were from 45 to 64; and 13.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.8% male and 49.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,328 people, 496 households, and 370 families residing in the town. The population density was 41.1 people per square mile (15.9/km²). There were 939 housing units at an average density of 29.1 per square mile (11.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.89% White, 0.08% African American, 0.90% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population.
There were 496 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.7% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $38,654, and the median income for a family was $41,563. Males had a median income of $30,403 versus $24,688 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,280. About 8.0% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.