Mexico is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. The population was 2,681 at the 2010 census. Mexico is a small mill town for the papermaking industry.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 23.57 square miles (61.05 km), of which, 23.34 square miles (60.45 km) of it is land and 0.23 square miles (0.60 km) is water. Mexico is drained by the Swift River and the Androscoggin River, which separates it from Rumford Falls.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,681 people, 1,185 households, and 735 families residing in the town. The population density was 114.9 inhabitants per square mile (44.4/km). There were 1,404 housing units at an average density of 60.2 per square mile (23.2/km). The racial makeup of the town was 96.6% White, 0.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.
There were 1,185 households of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.0% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.72.
The median age in the town was 44.7 years. 19.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.1% were from 25 to 44; 32.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,959 people, 1,298 households, and 820 families residing in the town. The population density was 126.3 people per square mile (48.8/km). There were 1,448 housing units at an average density of 61.8 per square mile (23.9/km). The racial makeup of the town was 97.84% White, 0.24% Black or African American, 0.88% Asian, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.27% of the population.
There were 1,298 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.80.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $27,406, and the median income for a family was $33,776. Males had a median income of $38,214 versus $23,298 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,322. About 10.9% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.