Bowdoin is a town in Sagadahoc County, Maine, United States. The population was 3,061 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Portland–South Portland–Biddeford, Maine metropolitan statistical area.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.58 square miles (112.87 km), of which 43.46 square miles (112.56 km) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.31 km) is water. Bowdoin is drained by the Little River, Dead River, as well as the east and west streams of the Cathance River.
The town is served by U.S. Route 201 and State Routes 138 and 125. It borders the towns of Lisbon and Sabattus to the west, Litchfield to the north, Richmond and Bowdoinham to the east, and Topsham to the south.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,061 people, 1,143 households, and 867 families residing in the town. The population density was 70.4 inhabitants per square mile (27.2/km). There were 1,202 housing units at an average density of 27.7 per square mile (10.7/km). The racial makeup of the town was 96.9% White, 0.5% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.5% of the population.
There were 1,143 households of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.7% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 24.1% were non-families. 18.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.02.
The median age in the town was 40.4 years. 24% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25% were from 25 to 44; 33.6% were from 45 to 64; and 9.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.9% male and 49.1% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,727 people, 987 households, and 765 families residing in the town. The population density was 62.7 people per square mile (24.2/km²). There were 1,035 housing units at an average density of 23.8 per square mile (9.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.80% White, 0.26% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.77% of the population.
There were 987 households out of which 40.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.4% were non-families. 16.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the town, the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 35.1% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $42,688, and the median income for a family was $46,094. Males had a median income of $32,975 versus $22,025 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,260. About 7.9% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.